Hazards of common solvents and first aid measures

2022-09-19
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Common solvent hazards and first aid measures for gravure printers

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core tip: gravure printing often uses many solvent products, and some solvents are harmful to human body. The legal occupational diseases that may occur to gravure printers mainly include occupational poisoning, noise deafness, etc. occupational poisoning mainly refers to benzene, toluene, xylene and other organic solvents poisoning

[China Packaging News] gravure printing often uses many solvent products, some of which are harmful to human body. The legal occupational diseases that may occur to gravure printers mainly include occupational poisoning, noise deafness, etc. occupational poisoning mainly refers to benzene, toluene, xylene and other organic solvents poisoning

solvent that can cause harm to printers in gravure printing

toluene: it is irritating to skin and mucosa, and has anesthesia to the central nervous system. The vertical manual spring tension tester is a simple one of the tension machines

acute poisoning: inhalation of higher concentration of this product in a short time can cause obvious irritation of eyes and upper respiratory tract, congestion of conjunctiva and pharynx, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, chest tightness, limb weakness, staggering gait, and blurred consciousness. Severe cases can be divided into restlessness, convulsion and coma

chronic poisoning: neurasthenia syndrome, hepatomegaly, abnormal menstruation of female workers, etc. may occur after long-term exposure. The skin is dry, chapped and dermatitis

ethyl acetate: irritating to eyes, nose and throat. High concentration inhalation can introduce anesthetic effect, acute pulmonary edema, liver and kidney damage. Continuous inhalation of large amount may cause respiratory paralysis. People who take it by mistake may have nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, etc. It has sensitization effect. Gingival bleeding caused by vascular and neurological disorders is the first; It can cause eczema like dermatitis. Chronic effects: long term exposure to this product may sometimes cause corneal opacity, secondary anemia, leukocytosis, etc

ethanol and: This product is central nervous system inhibition. It first causes excitement and then inhibition. Acute poisoning: acute poisoning usually occurs by oral administration. Generally, it can be divided into four stages: excitement, hypnosis, anesthesia and asphyxia. The patient enters the third or fourth stage, with loss of consciousness, pupil dilation, irregular breathing, shock, cardiac circulatory failure and respiratory arrest

chronic effects: long term exposure to high concentration of this product in production can cause nasal, eye and mucosal irritation symptoms, as well as headache, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, tremor, nausea, etc. Chronic alcoholism can cause polyneuropathy, chronic gastritis, fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, myocardial damage and organic psychosis. Long term skin contact may cause dryness, scaling, chapping and dermatitis

isopropanol: it can stimulate mucosa and have anesthetic effect

butanone: skin contact will cause dermatitis. Concentrated steam has irritating and anesthetic effects on the mucosa of eyes, throat and nose, and will cause dizziness, dizziness, vomiting and other symptoms

first aid measures

skin contact: take off contaminated clothes and wash the skin thoroughly with soapy water and clear water

eye contact: lift the eyelids, rinse with flowing water or normal saline, and seek medical advice

inhalation: quickly leave the scene to a place with fresh air. Keep the respiratory tract unobstructed. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If breathing stops, give artificial respiration immediately. See a doctor

ingestion: drink enough warm water to induce vomiting. See a doctor

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