Characteristics and Enlightenment of technology tr

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The characteristics and Enlightenment of the technology transfer system in the Yangtze River Delta

Abstract: the author analyzes the main characteristics of the technology transfer system in the Yangtze River Delta combined with specific cases. These characteristics are: enterprises play a leading role in technology transfer; Local governments actively guide and coordinate management; The construction of technology transfer network platform has achieved remarkable results; The ways of technology transfer are diversified, and technical services and consultation account for a large proportion. It also puts forward suggestions that the development of the technology market needs the continuous and strong policy support of the government. It is suggested that the technology transfer situation should be taken as one of the acceptance and assessment indicators for the science and technology plan projects participated by enterprises, and the construction of technology transfer information network platform should be strengthened to drive technology transfer through technical services

key words: Yangtze River Delta; Technology transfer capability; A mature regional technology transfer system is an important condition for the transformation of technological achievements into real productivity under the condition of market economy. The characteristics of technology transfer in different economic zones in China are also different. Perovskite solar cells in the Yangtze River Delta region 3 (hereinafter referred to as "Yangtze River Delta region") have always been controversial in the scientific community. It is one of the most economically developed regions in China, and its scientific and technological activities are also very active. Exploring the successful mode and common experience of technology transfer in the Yangtze River Delta can provide reference for the construction of regional technology transfer system

I. characteristics of the technology transfer system in the Yangtze River Delta

1 Enterprises are in the dominant position in technology transfer

the output and input technological achievements of enterprises are higher than the national average level. As a technology exporter, Shanghai enterprises accounted for 35.0% of the number of technology contract transactions, higher than the national average of 33.78%. As a technology importer, the enterprise has absorbed 21870 technologies of all kinds, with a transaction amount of 13.786 billion yuan, accounting for 79.90% of the total number of technology contracts and transactions (higher than the national average of 71.1%) and 80.29% respectively. 4. In 2005, Shanghai enterprises absorbed 22699 technology contracts, with a transaction value of 17.117 billion yuan, accounting for 75% of the technology contracts and transaction value respectively (higher than the national average of 73.1%) and 73% 5

compared with the national average, the proportion of state-owned enterprises in Shanghai in technology input is relatively low. In 2004, state-owned enterprises accounted for 16.8% of technology input, nearly 5 percentage points lower than 21.7% of the country. In 2005, the proportion of Shanghai was 15.4%, also lower than 20.2% of the country. This phenomenon reflects that enterprises such as limited companies and joint stock limited companies account for a large proportion of technology input

active scientific research activities of enterprises provide the basis for technology transfer. In 2005, 30591 science and technology projects occurred in large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta, accounting for 37.8% of the total number of regional science and technology projects (41% in 2004). As another active area of technology transfer in China - the northern coastal area centered on Beijing, 13834 science and technology projects occurred in large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in the same period, accounting for only 23% of the total number of regional science and technology projects (21% in 2004)

enterprises are the second object of technology transfer. According to the questionnaire survey of Zhejiang science and Technology Department on the development status of Zhejiang science and technology intermediaries in 2004, 82.3% of technology intermediaries believe that the business mainly comes from enterprises, while there are few businesses from other sources, which also shows that enterprises are the main target of technology intermediaries

2. The government actively carries out policy guidance and environmental construction

Shanghai is the center of technology transfer in the Yangtze River Delta region. By strengthening legislation and formulating relevant policies, it can regulate and guide the healthy development of the technology market. According to preliminary statistics, from 1996 to 2003, there were 24 regulations, rules and documents on technology transfer in Shanghai, including comprehensive, technology market, industrialization and technology import, which provided a strong support for improving the development environment of technology market. Among the policies of Shanghai, the most prominent features are the positioning of property rights transactions and the promotion of a strong government. Shanghai put forward the concept of technology property transaction for the first time in the country, and directly defined the technology property market as capital market 6. For example, the "Shanghai property rights trading market management measures" stipulates that "the transactions of state-owned and collective property rights under the jurisdiction of the city should be carried out in the property rights trading market". Relatively speaking, the regulations of Beijing Municipality on the administration of property rights transactions only stipulates that "the transactions of state-owned property rights of municipal owned enterprises" should be carried out publicly in property rights trading institutions

the strong support of Shanghai is also reflected in talent policies and platform construction. The technology market provides professional services for the prosperity of the technology market by cultivating and supporting the team of technology brokers. After the implementation of the regulations of Shanghai Municipality on brokers in 2005, institutions such as the Shanghai Municipal Office of technology market management have intensified the training of technology brokers. In the past year, more than 400 technology brokers who have obtained practicing certificates issued by the Municipal Administration for Industry and Commerce have been trained. 7. In order to prosper and develop Shanghai's technology market and promote the organic integration of industry, University and research, the impact performance is mainly related to Delta- Ferrite is related to vitality

integrate scientific and technological resources and build a technology transfer platform. Since the establishment of Shanghai Technology Exchange in 1993, a number of technology intermediary service institutions have been established successively, which has built a bridge between enterprises and colleges and universities, scientific research institutions, and played a connecting role in the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and the integration of industry, University and research. The technology transfer subsystem of the R & D public service platform, which began construction in 2004, has promoted the prosperity and healthy development of the technology market through the full integration and sharing of various scientific and technological resources

in addition, the interregional cooperation mechanism also plays a greater role in promoting technology transfer in the Yangtze River Delta. The Shanghai Municipal Commission of science and technology, Jiangsu Provincial Department of science and technology, and Zhejiang Provincial Department of science and technology signed a regional cooperation and trade agreement. The focus of cooperation and innovation lies in the promotion of the government and the construction of an open network with marketization, so as to ensure the full flow of innovative elements such as information, capital, talents, achievements, technology, etc. 8. Other provinces and cities have also actively taken effective measures to promote the substantive development of the technology market. Zhejiang province supports the development of more than 100 key science and technology intermediary service institutions, including various incubators, regional science and technology innovation service centers, productivity promotion centers, technical standard development and testing institutions and other intermediary service institutions 9

3. Remarkable achievements have been made in the construction of technology transfer network platform

the Yangtze River Delta makes full use of network carriers to gather information, expand the scope of influence, and improve the transfer efficiency. The government actively participates in and guides the establishment of technology transfer stations. For example, the Shanghai international technology transfer collaboration network is a service platform dedicated to providing comprehensive support for technology transfer, guided by the spirit of "promoting international scientific and technological cooperation and technology transfer" in the "Shanghai Scientific and technological innovation mountaineering action plan", led by the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission, and jointly initiated and organized by the national technology transfer center of Shanghai Jiao Tong University and other units, It is a part of Shanghai R & D public service platform system

at present, Shanghai technology transfer cooperation and Zhejiang technology market have become important ways to exchange information about technology supply and demand. Moreover, most of the technology transfer centers have also established network platforms with rich content that can meet the practical needs of enterprises. The Yangtze River Delta university enterprise technology cooperation center and other institutions use the network to collect the technology demand information of enterprises, with clear classification and rich content

4. The ways of technology transfer are diversified, and the role of technology service and technology consultation is prominent.

the technology transfer in the Yangtze River Delta shows the characteristics of diversification. Cooperation among enterprises, industry university research alliance, technology transaction and other ways have become effective ways to realize technology transfer

(1) mediation mode. Technology intermediaries provide a market-oriented public platform for technology transfer, with diversified service contents and methods. For example, in 2004, the number of technology contract transactions in Shanghai United Property Exchange ranked first among the national key permanent technology exchanges, with 5155 technology contracts concluded throughout the year, with a technology trading volume of 48.99 billion yuan, accounting for 19.7% and 72% of the total trading contracts and technology trading volume of similar technology exchanges, respectively. The service content of this mode covers various industrial technology fields, and the service methods include technology trading, exhibition exchange, project management, training and education, talent service, information network, academic discussion, technology research, science and technology investment, etc., which helps to promote the combination of technology flow, talent flow and capital flow

(2) industry university research cooperation mode. All sectors of industry, University and research give full play to their R & D advantages in the corresponding links of the industrial chain to form a consortium with common R & D objectives and joint participation in the R & D process. For example, Shanghai Baosteel Group Co., Ltd. and Shanghai Jiaotong University jointly set up a joint research room to jointly conduct joint research and key research on a series of practical technical problems of automotive panels. Through this mode, enterprises can participate in the whole process of technology research and development, improve the original innovation ability of enterprises, and cultivate professionals through project cooperation. It also has the advantages of low cost and flexible operation for small and medium-sized enterprises, especially for enterprises that lack R & D funds and are in the growth stage

(3) enterprise joint development mode. Solve production technology problems by forming enterprise R & D alliance. For example, Shanghai Baosteel Group and Shanghai Volkswagen Automobile Co., Ltd. have overcome the technical problems of laser spell welding by establishing a joint venture R & D enterprise to integrate technological advantages. The main reason for their success is that their original core technological capabilities are highly complementary. This mode helps to solve the technical problems at the forefront of application, directly facing the application, maintaining the shortest path between technical needs and solutions, and high technical efficiency. This kind of joint venture research organization between upstream and downstream enterprises can not only realize their technology strategy, but also have the advantages of realizing two-way locking, realizing synchronous research and development, and improving response speed

(4) establish a new enterprise model. Through the formation of new enterprises, the integration, improvement and technological breakthrough of R & D capabilities among existing enterprises can be realized. For example, Shanghai University of traditional Chinese medicine cooperated with Shanghai New Changning group to establish Shanghai modern traditional Chinese Medicine Technology Development Co., Ltd., which is mainly engaged in the development and industrialization of new drugs. Through market-oriented operation, it gradually got rid of the state that scientific research achievements have not been industrialized for a long time. This mode combines the transfer and transformation of technological achievements and the combination of technological advantages of achievements and business advantages, which can not only solve the problem of insufficient business experience of the original achievement holder, but also reduce the possibility of disputes between the two parties due to technological property rights, and finally realize the industrialization and scale of achievements

(5) industrial cluster mode. For example, the enterprises in Suzhou IT industrial cluster have promoted the technology transfer of the whole innovation cluster through mutual learning and technology spillover of outsourced production, and a networked technology transfer pattern has been formed in Suzhou IT industrial cluster. This model is generally applicable to the enterprise cluster areas of the same industry, such as Ningbo and Wenzhou in Zhejiang Province (clothing industry), the Pearl River Delta in Guangdong Province (household appliances industry), the Bohai Sea region (petrochemical and pharmaceutical industry), the Taihu Lake region in Jiangsu Province (textile industry) and the eastern Fujian Province (electrical appliances and shoe industry)

among them, professional (intermediary) institutions play a prominent role in technology transfer, such as the close association formed by Shanghai Science and technology development and exchange center, Shanghai technology exchange, Shanghai high and new technology achievement transformation service center and Shanghai Technology Property Exchange, which promotes the combination of science and technology and capital in Shanghai

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